Health Alert: EEE, WEE, VEE (Video )Eastern equine encephalomyelitis is brought on by the Eastern horse sleeping sickness infection, for which wild birds are a natural reservoir. Mosquitoes that eat EEE-infected birds can transfer the virus to people, horses, and other birds. Horses do not establish high enough levels of these viruses in their blood to be infectious to other animals or humans. Since of the high death rate in horses and humans, EEE is considered one of the most severe mosquito-borne diseases in the United States.
Tips for avoiding mosquito-borne diseases include:
The St. Joseph County horses include a 5-year-old Standardbred mare and a 3-year-old Belgian mare, both of which were reported as first and unvaccinated began revealing scientific signs on Oct. 1. The Allegan County horse, a 24-year-old unvaccinated Arabian-cross mare, also revealed clinical signs starting Oct. 1, consisting of ataxia (incoordination), inappetence, and strolling in circles. Health Alert: EEE, WEE, VEE (Video )Eastern equine encephalomyelitis is caused by the Eastern horse sleeping sickness infection, for which wild birds are a natural reservoir. Mosquitoes that feed on EEE-infected birds can send the virus to human beings, horses, and other birds. Horses do not establish high sufficient levels of these viruses in their blood to be infectious to other animals or people.
- Avoid mosquito bites: Use bug spray when outdoors, specifically from sunset to dawn.
- Try to find EPA-labeled items including active components such as DEET, picaridin (KBR3023), or oil of lemon eucalyptus (p-menthane 3,8-diol).
- Apply more repellent, according to identify guidelines, if mosquitoes begin to bite.
- Mosquito-proof homes: Fix or install window and door screens, and cover or get rid of empty containers with standing water where mosquitoes can lay eggs.
- Secure your horses: Veterinarians suggest commercially readily available certified vaccines versus EEE for all horses in the U.S. Horses should be immunized at least each year (recommendations vary in high-risk locations). It’s not far too late this year to immunize your horses.
- Usage authorized bug sprays to safeguard horses.
- If possible, put horses in stables, stalls, or barns throughout the prime mosquito direct exposure hours of sunset and dawn.
- Get rid of standing water, drain water troughs, and empty containers a minimum of weekly.
- Stock water tanks with fish that consume mosquito larvae (contact your regional mosquito control for assistance), or use mosquito “dunks” (solid “donuts” of Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis [BTi], which are nontoxic to horses) readily available at hardware stores.