Medical marvel: New AI system can accurately detect diabetic retinopathy – Economic Times

WASHINGTON D.C. [USA]: In a new advancement in science, researchers have found that an automated;
artificial intelligence (
AI)
screening system is capable of accurately discovering
diabetic retinopathy 95.5 per cent of the times.

Moreover, the system doesn’t require inputs from an expert ophthalmologist and it can provide a reading in just 60 seconds.

Researchers presented these findings at AAO 2019, the 123rd Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Diabetic retinopathy can develop over time in people with diabetes, especially when they have poor control over their blood sugar levels.

High blood sugar can damage tiny blood vessels at the back of the eye. Sometimes, tiny bulges protrude from the blood vessels, leaking fluid and blood into the retina.

This fluid can cause swelling or edema in an area of the retina that allows us to see clearly. At first, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems. Eventually, it can cause blindness.

Ophthalmologists have effective treatments for diabetic retinopathy, but they work best when the condition detected early. That’s why ophthalmologists recommend patients be screened every year.

Want To Keep Diabetes Away? Eat Walnuts, Apples, Carrots

Foods For Diabetics

14 Nov, 2018

While being active, staying hydrated, and checking blood glucose levels can work wonders, it is important to stick to a dietary plan that will ward off diabetes in the long run.

A recent study showed that antioxidant-rich walnuts can nearly halve the risk of developing Type-2 diabetes.

For patients, the ideal diabetic diet plan would be to have 1200-1600 calories per day. It is recommended that diabetics should eat good carbs, fats, and healthy proteins, but in small portions.

Doctors and dieticians share ultimate list of foods you must consume to stay healthy.

Also read: The comprehensive diabetes guide

Nuts & Seeds

3 Jul, 2018

After news of walnuts as you new superfood to keep diabetes away, it’s time to look at the other superhero nuts and seeds. They have protective effects for people with diabetes. Flaxseeds/linseeds, almonds, peanuts, pumpkin seeds, macadamia nuts, pistachios, cashew nuts, chia seeds, etc are the best nuts and seeds for diabetics as they reduce and regulate the insulin levels in the body.

Eggs

3 Jul, 2018

They are a good source of high biological value protein. Eggs have good cholesterol, also called as High Density Lipoprotein (HDL), which is good for heart health. Studies have shown that it improves insulin sensitivity. They give satiety and improve blood sugar levels.

Turmeric

3 Jul, 2018

It has an active compound called curcumin which has shown to improve sugar, promote cardiovascular health, and protect against kidney diseases.

Wild Salmon and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Fish

3 Jul, 2018

Salmon have excellent amount of Omega-3 fatty acids (DHA and EPA) which is good for diabetics. The patients need good fat in their diet, and fish reduce inflammation and coronary risks which are common in diabetes.

A system called EyeArt has shown promise in earlier studies. It was used to screen 893 patients with diabetes at 15 different medical locations. Results were then reviewed for clinical accuracy by certified graders.

Using only undilated images (patients’ pupils were not dilated), the EyeArt system’s sensitivity was 95.5 per cent, and specificity was 86 per cent.

Only a small fraction of eyes required dilation to achieve an image good enough to be graded. When including these additional patients in the analysis, the sensitivity remained the same, specificity improved to 86.5 per cent, and gradability improved to 97.4 per cent.

More than 90 per cent of the eyes identified as positive by the EyeArt system had diabetic retinopathy or another eye disease per the reference standard.

“Accurate, real-time diagnosis holds great promise for the millions of patients living with diabetes. In addition to increased accessibility, a prompt diagnosis made possible with AI means identifying those at risk of blindness and getting them in front of an ophthalmologist for treatment before it is too late,” said Srinivas Sadda, MD of the Doheny Eye Institute/UCLA.

New-Age Chef & Valet Robots To Make Your Life Easy

Make Way For The Machines

10 Apr, 2019

While the robotic revolution is making a splash around the world, here are a few that aim to make life easier, simulate human emotions and take us closer to the future. While the robotic revolution is making a splash around the world, here are a few that aim to make life easier, simulate human emotions and take us closer to the future.

Robotic Dragonflies

10 Apr, 2019

The BionicOpter was a talking point recently when Jeff Bezos tweeted a short video of himself playing with the robot dragonfly at his robotics conference MARS. The makers, Festo AG, say they have “technically mastered the highly complex flight characteristics of the dragonfly” — the robot can fly in all directions, hover in mid-air and glide without beating its wings. BionicOpter supports wireless real-time communication, a continuous exchange of information, and can identify complex events.

Racing Robots

10 Apr, 2019

Motobot 2.0 is an autonomous motorcycle-riding robot that combines the latest in motorcycle and robotics technology to drive around a racetrack on a Yamaha YZF-R1M. The motorcycle dons a look of the classic modern aerodynamic racing two-wheeler, while the robot needs human operators only to specify how aggressively it should race. Motobot 2.0 can race at a speed of almost 200 kmph but it’s no match for Valentino Rossi yet.

Interview Robots

10 Apr, 2019

Tengai, a brainchild of Furhat Robotics, is the world’s first job interview robot that aims to take out unconscious human biases from the process. She sits on top of a table directly across the candidate she’s about to interview. Tengai has three degrees of movement freedom and can display complex expressions — blink and smile lightly as she poses her questions.

Robo Chefs

10 Apr, 2019

Creator, a burger restaurant that opened last year in San Francisco, is home to two sedansized robots each of which can churn out 120 burgers an hour. Each robot is reportedly equipped with 350 sensors, 50 actuators and 20 computers together which allow it to grind the meat, shape the burgers, slice the tomatoes, grate cheese and dispense mustard. The robots themselves are controlled by a machine learning algorithm.

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