Obesity is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes- 4 diseases that can occur as a result of being overweight  |  Photo Credit: Getty Images
- Obesity has reached epidemic levels all across the world
- Being obese is more than just a cosmetic concern
- Obesity can increase the risk of diseases and conditions like type 2 diabetes, heart attack, strokes, etc
New Delhi: Obesity is a disorder characterized by excessive weight, mostly measured as the Body Mass Index or the BMI. Obesity can happen at any age. Childhood obesity is when a child has extremely excess fat according to his/her age and height. Obesity is more than just a cosmetic concern, it can have adverse health effects and increase the risk of various disorders and diseases.
Obesity is directly linked with a high risk of type 2 diabetes, a disease that affects millions of people around the world. Being overweight, especially at the belly, can lead to type 2 diabetes. A research found that being overweight can stress the insides of the cells in the body, causing insulin resistance. Apart from diabetes, obesity can also increase the risk of the following diseases and disorders.
A recent study has found that being overweight before the age of 40 can increase the risk of cancer. The study found that if you are overweight before the age of forty, the risk increases by the following rates –
- 70 per cent for endometrial cancer
- 58 per cent for male renal-cell cancer
- 29 per cent for male colon cancer
- 15 per cent for all obesity-related cancers
Another study has found that obesity is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Having a large body size can increase blood pressure as the heart is required to pump blood harder in order to supply it to all cells of the body. Excess fat can also damage the kidneys, which regulate blood pressure. Excess fat can also lead to the accumulation of the same in the arteries, causing clogged arteries and increasing the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
Osteoarthritis has an impact on a person’s ability to move. It can lead to loss of mobility, disability, lost productivity, etc. A strong link between obesity and OA of the knee has been found. It is important to realise the risk of osteoarthritis due to obesity, the need for weight loss and to take the necessary steps to lose weight.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Most people believe that if they do not binge drink, or drink regularly, the risk of liver diseases is reduced for them. While this may be true for other cases, it is not the same for people who are overweight. Obesity can increase your risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is linked with insulin resistance, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease risk.
Disclaimer: Tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purposes only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or a professional healthcare provider if you have any specific questions about any medical matter.