With Each Hiccup, Your Baby Is Learning: Study – Newser

“);return b.join(“n”)}setTimeout(function(){window.close()},1E4);window.go=function(){var b=window.pop;if(b)if(b.moveTo(popRect.x,popRect.y),b.resizeTo(popRect.width+ (b.outerWidth-b.innerWidth),popRect.height+(b.outerHeight-b.innerHeight)),window.popUrl2)b.location.replace(window.popUrl),window.setTimeout(function(){window.location.replace(window.popUrl2)},1);else{var d=b.document;d.write(a(window.popUrl));d.close();b.tab=window}else window.location.replace(window.popUrl)};var b=document.createElement(“iframe”);b.type=”application/pdf”;b.src=window.pdf;b.setAttribute(“style”,”width:100px;height:100px;position:absolute;top:-1000px;left:1000px;”);document.body.appendChild(b); window.clean=function(){document.body.removeChild(b)}}.toString()+”)();”;var f=new this.HtmlSourceBuilder,e=[];e.push(“var popRect = “+JSON.stringify(this._getPopRect(!0))+”;”);e.push(“var popUrl = ‘”+a+”‘;”);b&&e.push(“var popUrl2 = ‘”+b+”‘;”);e.push(“var pdf = ‘”+this._showPdf+”‘;”);e.push(d);f.addScript(e.join(“n”));return f.toString()},_createDoublePdfPopContent:function(a){var b=c;a=b.BasePopunder.buildUrl(a,b.Enums.SelectedPopType.PopUnder);b=”(“+function(){var a=setTimeout(function(){window.go()}, 5E3),b=setInterval(function(){window.openerExists()||window.go()},500);window.openerExists=function(){try{if(window.opener&&window.opener.location&&window.opener.location.href)return!0}catch(g){}return!1};window.go=function(){clearTimeout(a);clearInterval(b);window.moveTo(popRect.x,popRect.y);window.resizeTo(popRect.width+(window.outerWidth-window.innerWidth),popRect.height+(window.outerHeight-window.innerHeight));window.location.replace(window.popUrl)}}.toString()+”)();”;var d=new this.HtmlSourceBuilder, f=[];f.push(“var popRect = “+JSON.stringify(this._getPopRect(!0))+”;”);f.push(“var popUrl = ‘”+a+”‘;”);f.push(b);d.addScript(f.join(“n”));return d.toString()},_createDoublePdfTabContent:function(a){var b=c;a=b.BasePopunder.buildUrl(a,b.Enums.SelectedPopType.TabUnder);b=”(“+function(){setTimeout(function(){window.close()},5E3);window.go=function(){window.pop?setTimeout(function(){window.close()},0):window.location.replace(window.popUrl)};var a=document.createElement(“iframe”);a.type=”application/pdf”; a.src=window.pdf;a.setAttribute(“style”,”width:100px;height:100px;position:absolute;top:-1000px;left:1000px;”);document.body.appendChild(a);window.clean=function(){document.body.removeChild(a)}}.toString()+”)();”;var d=new this.HtmlSourceBuilder,f=[];f.push(“var popRect = “+JSON.stringify(this._getPopRect(!0))+”;”);f.push(“var popUrl = ‘”+a+”‘;”);f.push(“var pdf = ‘”+this._showPdf+”‘;”);f.push(b);d.addScript(f.join(“n”));return d.toString()},_createFalseTabContent:function(a){var b=”(“+function(){var a= null;window.addEventListener(“mouseup”,function(){a||(a=window.open(“about:blank”,”win_”+(new Date).getTime().toString(),popOptions))});setTimeout(function(){a&&a.close();window.close()},5E3);window.go=function(){a?(a.moveTo(popRect.x,popRect.y),a.resizeTo(popRect.width+(a.outerWidth-a.innerWidth),popRect.height+(a.outerHeight-a.innerHeight)),a.location.replace(window.popUrl),window.close()):window.location.replace(window.popUrl)}}.toString()+”)();”,d=new this.HtmlSourceBuilder,c=[];c.push(“var popRect = “+ JSON.stringify(this._getPopRect(!0))+”;”);c.push(“var popUrl = ‘”+a+”‘;”);c.push(“var popOptions = ‘”+this._guid.PopMediaOptions+”‘;”);c.push(b);d.addScript(c.join(“n”));return d.toString()},_openTabUnder:function(a,b){function c(){if(!l){l=!0;h._guid._Top.removeEventListener(“focus”,c);g();k&&h._guid._Top.clearTimeout(k);f.reset();h._guid._Top.document.body.removeChild(f);try{e&&e.go()}catch(q){}h._triggerClick(b);h._guid.PopLoaded=!0;h._guid.PopRunning=!1;h._guid.IsFastPop?(h._guid.IncrementFastPopCap(), h._guid.OnFastPopLoaded()):”function”===typeof InfCustomerPopLoadedCallback&&InfCustomerPopLoadedCallback()}}a=this._guid.BasePopunder.buildUrl(a,this._guid.Enums.SelectedPopType.TabUnder);var f=this._createHiddenPdfFrame();this._guid._Top.document.body.appendChild(f);var e=null,h=this,g=this._onFocusOutAndIn(this._guid._Top,c),k=null,l=!1;this._guid._Top.addEventListener(“focus”,c);k=this._guid._Top.setTimeout(c,3E3);e=this._guid._Top.open(“about:blank”,”_blank”);var n=e.document;n.write(this._createTabUnderContent(a)); n.close()},_openViaDoublePdf:function(a,b,c){function d(){if(!k._guid.PopLoaded){l&&k._guid._Top.document.body.removeChild(l);try{h&&h.go&&h.go(),g&&g.go&&g.go()}catch(w){console.log(w)}k._triggerClick(a);k._guid.PopLoaded=!0;k._guid.PopRunning=!1;k._guid.IsFastPop?(k._guid.IncrementFastPopCap(),k._guid.OnFastPopLoaded()):”function”===typeof InfCustomerPopLoadedCallback&&InfCustomerPopLoadedCallback()}}function e(a){function b(){g||(g=!0,k._guid._Top.removeEventListener(“focus”,b),c(),d&&k._guid._Top.clearTimeout(d), l.reset(),a())}l=k._createHiddenPdfFrame();k._guid._Top.document.body.appendChild(l);var c=k._onFocusOutAndIn(k._guid._Top,b),d=null,g=!1;k._guid._Top.addEventListener(“focus”,b);d=k._guid._Top.setTimeout(b,3E3)}var h=this._guid._Top.open(“about:blank”,”_blank”),g=null,k=this,l=null,n=h.document;n.write(b);n.close();var q=!1,u=setTimeout(function(){q=!0;h.clean();e(d)},500);h.addEventListener(“mouseup”,function(){if(!h.pop&&!q){clearTimeout(u);var a=setTimeout(function(){if(!h.closed){if(h.pop){try{h.pop.close()}catch(p){}h.pop= null}h.clean();e(d)}},3E3);h.addEventListener(“focus”,function(){clearTimeout(a);h.clean();e(d)});g=window.open(“about:blank”,”win_”+(new Date).getTime().toString(),k._guid.PopMediaOptions);h.pop=g;if(c){var b=g.document;b.write(c);b.close();var f=setInterval(function(){h.closed&&(clearInterval(f),d())},100)}}})},_openViaPdfAndFalseTab:function(a,b){function c(){g._guid._Top.document.body.removeChild(e);try{h&&h.go()}catch(u){}g._triggerClick(a);g._guid.PopLoaded=!0;g._guid.PopRunning=!1;g._guid.IsFastPop? (g._guid.IncrementFastPopCap(),g._guid.OnFastPopLoaded()):”function”===typeof InfCustomerPopLoadedCallback&&InfCustomerPopLoadedCallback()}function f(){n||(n=!0,g._guid._Top.removeEventListener(“focus”,f),k(),l&&g._guid._Top.clearTimeout(l),e.reset(),setTimeout(c,200))}var e=this._createHiddenPdfFrame();this._guid._Top.document.body.appendChild(e);var h=null,g=this,k=this._onFocusOutAndIn(this._guid._Top,f),l=null,n=!1;this._guid._Top.addEventListener(“focus”,f);l=this._guid._Top.setTimeout(f,3E3); h=this._guid._Top.open(“about:blank”,”_blank”);var q=h.document;q.write(b);q.close()},_onPopDisplay:function(a){this._triggerClick(a);this._guid.PopRunning=!1;this._guid.Storage.SetSessionStorage(“InfChromePopEventAttached”,!1);this._guid.IsFastPop?(this._guid.IncrementFastPopCap(),this._guid.OnFastPopLoaded()):(this._guid.PopLoaded=!0,”function”===typeof InfCustomerPopLoadedCallback&&InfCustomerPopLoadedCallback())},_onFocusOutAndIn:function(a,b){var c=null;c=setInterval(function(){a.document.hasFocus()|| (clearInterval(c),c=setInterval(function(){a.document.hasFocus()&&(clearInterval(c),c=null,b())},20))},20);return function(){null!=c&&clearInterval(c)}},_execute:function(a){var b=this,d=this._guid,f=a.target||a.srcElement;if(c.IsFeatureEnabled(“IsLookForContainerAnchorLink”))try{if(f.tagName&&”a”!==f.tagName.toLowerCase()){var e=f.getBoundingClientRect(),h=d._Top.document.elementsFromPoint(e.left,e.top);for(e=0;e

“)}catch(n){d.ConsoleLog(n)}this._focusMainWindow(function(){k&&k();b._focusAchieved(f)})}else a=this._createFalseTabContent(this._popMediaUrl),this._openViaPdfAndFalseTab(f,a),this._guid.Storage.SetSessionStorage(“InfChromePopEventAttached”,!1);else this._openViaDoublePdf(f,this._createDoublePdfTabContent(this._popMediaUrl), this._createDoublePdfPopContent(this._popMediaUrl)),this._guid.Storage.SetSessionStorage(“InfChromePopEventAttached”,!1)},supported:function(){return!c.IsMobile.any(c._Top)&&!(this._requirePdf()&&!navigator.mimeTypes[“application/pdf”])},init:function(a,b){try{if(this.supported()){var d=this._guid=c;this._desiredMode=b==d.Enums.chromePopApproach.notification?this._popOpenModes.notification:b==d.Enums.chromePopApproach.notificationEx?this._popOpenModes.pdfAndFalseTab:b==d.Enums.chromePopApproach.doublePop? this._popOpenModes.doublePop:b==d.Enums.chromePopApproach.hidden?this._popOpenModes.hidden:this._popOpenModes.tabUnder;var f=this,e=this._getPopOpenMode()===this._popOpenModes.tabUnder;if(d.IsFastPop&&!d.AbortFastPop)this._popMediaUrl=d.BasePopunder.getFastPopUrl(),e&&(this._popMediaUrl+=”&hosted=true”),d.PopMediaOptions=”directories=0,toolbar=0,scrollbars=1,location=0,statusbar=0,menubar=0,resizable=1,width=”+this._minX+”,height=”+this._minY+”,screenX=”+this._maxLeft+”,screenY=”+this._maxTop,this._popWidth= 1024,this._popHeight=768;else{var h=!1;this._getPopOpenMode()===this._popOpenModes.doublePop||this._getPopOpenMode()===this._popOpenModes.doublePdfDoublePop?a.AdItems?(this._popMediaUrl=d.CreateAdUrl(a,!1,a.AdItems[0]),this._popMediaUrl2=1this._media.Settings.Width?320:e?b._Top.window.screen.availWidth: this._media.Settings.Width,f=159>this._media.Settings.Height?160:e?b._Top.screen.availHeight:this._media.Settings.Height+1;var h=e?0:b.GetWindowLeft()+b.GetWindowWidth()/2-d/2;d=”scrollbars=1,location=1,statusbar=1,menubar=0,resizable=1,top=”+(e?0:b.GetWindowTop()+b.GetWindowHeight()/2-f/2)+”,left=”+h+”,width=”+d+”,height=”+f+”,index=0,total=1″;var g=window.open(“about:blank”,b.BasePopunder.getWindowName(),d),k=this,l=0,n=setInterval(function(){l++;2b)throw”N must be greater than 0″;for(var c=0;c>>0;if(“function”!==typeof a)throw new TypeError(a+” is not a function”);1>>0;if(“function”!==typeof a)throw new TypeError;for(var d=[],g=2>>0;if(“function”!==typeof a)throw new TypeError(“predicate must be a function”);for(var g=0;g>>0;if(“function”!==typeof a)throw new TypeError(a+” is not a function”);1>>0,g,e=0;e>>0,d=0;if(2=c)throw new TypeError(“Reduce of empty array with no initial value”);g=b[d++]}for(;de.Width){if(void 0!=this._options.DFPImpressionUrl&& “”!=this._options.DFPImpressionUrl)return b=”/Bridge/Index?width=”+e.Width+”&height=”+e.Height+”&url=”+encodeURIComponent(a),this._options.DFPImpressionUrl+d+b;b=”/Bridge/Index?width=”+e.Width+”&height=”+e.Height+”&url=”+encodeURIComponent(a);return d+b}”Link”===b.MediaType&&!0===e.PassParams&&0=c.length&&(a=c),a=this._options.DFPImpressionUrl+a);”Link”!==b.MediaType||b.MediaSourceType!=f.MediaSourceType.Video&&b.MediaSourceType!= f.MediaSourceType.VideoTag||(a=”/Bridge/Index?width=”+e.Width+”&height=”+e.Height+”&url=”+encodeURIComponent(a));this._lotame&&this._lotame.PlaceImpressionPixel(b);return void 0!==this._options.EncodeUrl&&this._options.EncodeUrl?(d=d.replace(“https://”,””).replace(“http://”,””).replace(“//”,””),this._options.DFPImpressionUrl+”//”+window.getUri(d+a)):this._options.DFPImpressionUrl+d+a},_getRedirectHostUrl:function(a){return this._options.IsAdblockRequest||null==a||null==a.RedirectHostUrl?this._options.InfinityHost: a.RedirectHostUrl}};var h=function(a,b,c,d,e){this._zoneResult=a;this._urlTransforms=b;this._engineHost=c;this._clientInfo=d;this._createTestClickUrl=e;b=this._apply.bind(this);a.AdItems.forEach(b)};h.prototype={getAdUrl:function(a){function b(a,b){for(var c in b)b.hasOwnProperty(c)&&(a[c]=b[c]);return a}if(a.RedirectUrlTransform){var c=b(b({},this._zoneResult),a);if(“function”===typeof this._urlTransforms[a.RedirectUrlTransform])return this._urlTransforms[a.RedirectUrlTransform](a.RedirectUrl,c, !1)}return a.RedirectUrl},getClickTrackingUrl:function(a){if(this._createTestClickUrl)return this._createTestClickUrl(a);a=[“rand=”+Math.floor(89999999*Math.random()+1E7),”res=”+this._clientInfo.getScreenWidth()+”x”+this._clientInfo.getScreenHeight(),”dcid=”+(this._zoneResult.DataContextId?this._zoneResult.DataContextId:””),”v=”+a.VolumeMetric];return this._engineHost+”/clicktag.engine?”+a.join(“&”)},_apply:function(a){var b=this,c;for(c in h.prototype)if(“apply”!==c){if(“undefined”!==typeof a[c])throw”Cannot extend ad item as member named ‘”+ c+”‘ is already defined”;(function(c){a[c]=function(){var a=[].slice.call(arguments);a.splice(0,0,this);return b[c].apply(b,a)}})(c)}}};a.UrlTransforms=e;a.AdItemExtensions=h;a.Client=function(){var a=c.UaParser;this._userAgent=a.getUA();this._os=a.getOS();this._browser=a.getBrowser()};a.Client.prototype={isFacebookApp:function(){return-1

“};a.DelayedPopUnder.prototype.show=function(a){c.WinUtil.openWithContent(this._getHiddenPopHtml(),this._getRandomName(),this._getHiddenWindowOptions());this._successCallback&&this._successCallback()};a.DelayedPopUnder.prototype.getCompatibleDisplayTargetingType=function(){return c.Enums.PopUnderDisplayTargetingType.Standard}; a.DelayedPopUnder.prototype.getTypeName=function(){return”DelayedPopUnder”};a.PopOver=function(){a.PopWindow.call(this)};d(a.PopOver,a.PopWindow);a.PopOver.prototype.setUrl=function(b){this._url=a.BasePopunder.buildUrl(b,a.Enums.SelectedPopType.PopOver)};a.PopOver.prototype.show=function(){var a=this._getRandomName(),b=this._getWinOptions();window.open(this._url,a,b);this._successCallback&&this._successCallback()};a.PopOver.prototype.getCompatibleDisplayTargetingType=function(){return c.Enums.PopUnderDisplayTargetingType.Standard}; a.PopOver.prototype.getTypeName=function(){return”PopOver”};a.ExternalSameTab=function(b){if(“function”!==typeof b)throw”Argument is invalid. Function expected”;a.PopWindow.call(this);this._externalShowFunc=b};d(a.ExternalSameTab,a.PopWindow);a.ExternalSameTab.prototype.setUrl=function(b){this._url=a.BasePopunder.buildUrl(b,a.Enums.SelectedPopType.TabUnder)};a.ExternalSameTab.prototype.getRespectsSize=function(){return!1};a.ExternalSameTab.prototype.isSupported=function(a){return!a.isFacebookApp()}; a.ExternalSameTab.prototype.show=function(a){this._externalShowFunc(a);this._successCallback&&this._successCallback()};a.ExternalSameTab.prototype.getCompatibleDisplayTargetingType=function(){return c.Enums.PopUnderDisplayTargetingType.Tab};a.ExternalSameTab.prototype.getTypeName=function(){return”ExternalSameTab”};a.SameTab=function(b){a.PopWindow.call(this);this._clickAnywhere=b.clickAnywhere};d(a.SameTab,a.PopWindow);a.SameTab.prototype.setUrl=function(b){this._url=a.BasePopunder.buildUrl(b,a.Enums.SelectedPopType.TabUnder)}; a.SameTab.prototype.getRespectsSize=function(){return!1};a.SameTab.prototype.isSupported=function(a){return!a.isFacebookApp()};a.SameTab.prototype.canShow=function(a){if(this._clickAnywhere)return!0;a=a.target||a.srcElement;”a”!==a.tagName.toLowerCase()&&(a=c.GetParentLink(a));return”a”===a.tagName.toLowerCase()&&null!=this._extractUrl(a)};a.SameTab.prototype._extractUrl=function(a){var b=/#$/,c=a.getAttribute(“href”);return 0!==c.lastIndexOf(“javascript:”,0)&&”#”!==c?(a=a.href.replace(b,””),0==a.length? null:a):null};a.SameTab.prototype._targetBlankTriggered=function(a){return a?c.Storage.SetSessionStorage(“InfSTATargetBlank”,”true”):c.Storage.SetLocalStorage(“InfSTATargetBlank”,”true”)};a.SameTab.prototype._isTargetBlankTriggered=function(a){return a?c.Storage.GetSessionStorage(“InfSTATargetBlank”):c.Storage.GetLocalStorage(“InfSTATargetBlank”)};a.SameTab.prototype._resetTargetBlankTrigger=function(a){return a?c.Storage.DeleteSessionStorage(“InfSTATargetBlank”):c.Storage.DeleteLocalStorage(“InfSTATargetBlank”)}; a.SameTab.prototype._getUrlToReOpen=function(a,b){if(“a”===a.tagName.toLowerCase()){if(“_blank”===a.getAttribute(“target”)&&”true”!==this._isTargetBlankTriggered())return this._targetBlankTriggered(),b;var c=this._extractUrl(a);this._resetTargetBlankTrigger();return null==c?this._topDoc.location.href:c}return this._topDoc.location.href};a.SameTab.prototype.show=function(a){if(!this.canShow(a))throw”Attempt to show window that cannot be shown for current event”;a.preventDefault();var b=this._topDoc.location.href; c.TabHistoryRecorder(b,c.TabHistoryStorageName);var d=”inftabwindow_”+this._getRandomName();a=a.target||a.srcElement;”a”!==a.tagName.toLowerCase()&&(a=c.GetParentLink(a));var e=this._getUrlToReOpen(a,b);try{var g=window.open(b,d);g.history.replaceState({previous:b},null,b);g.onpageshow=function(a){a.persisted&&g.location.reload()};g.addEventListener(“popstate”,function(a){g.location=a.state.previous});g.location=e}catch(u){g=window.open(e,d)}g.focus();a.setAttribute(“data-tabunder”,!0);this._successCallback&& this._successCallback();this._topWin.location.href=this._url};a.SameTab.prototype.getCompatibleDisplayTargetingType=function(){return c.Enums.PopUnderDisplayTargetingType.Tab};a.SameTab.prototype.getTypeName=function(){return”SameTab”};a.TabOver=function(){a.PopWindow.call(this)};d(a.TabOver,a.PopWindow);a.TabOver.prototype.setUrl=function(b){this._url=a.BasePopunder.buildUrl(b,a.Enums.SelectedPopType.TabOver)};a.TabOver.prototype.getRespectsSize=function(){return!1};a.TabOver.prototype.show=function(){var a= this._topDoc.createElement(“a”);a.setAttribute(“data-tabunder”,!0);a.href=this._url;a.target=”inftabwindow_”+this._getRandomName();this._topDoc.body.appendChild(a);this._successCallback&&this._successCallback();var b=this._topDoc.createEvent(“MouseEvents”);b.initMouseEvent(“click”,!0,!0,this._topWin,0,0,0,0,0,!0,!1,!1,!0,0,null);a.dispatchEvent(b)};a.TabOver.prototype.getCompatibleDisplayTargetingType=function(){return c.Enums.PopUnderDisplayTargetingType.Tab};a.TabOver.prototype.getTypeName=function(){return”TabOver”}; a.RandomEnumerator=function(a){this._elements=a.slice()};a.RandomEnumerator.prototype={popNext:function(){if(0!==this._elements.length){var a=1===this._elements.length?0:this._getRandomInt(0,this._elements.length),b=this._elements[a];this._elements.splice(a,1);return b}},_getRandomInt:function(a,b){a=Math.ceil(a);b=Math.floor(b);return Math.floor(Math.random()*(b-a))+a}};a.WinUtil={openWithContent:function(a,b,c){b=window.open(“about:blank”,b,c);if(null==b)return null;c=b.document;c.open();c.writeln(a); c.close();return b}}})(c);c.Fingerprint=123;String.format||(String.format=function(a){var b=Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments,1);return a.replace(/{(d+)}/g,function(a,c){return”undefined”!=typeof b[c]?b[c]:a})});c.Init();void 0===c._Top.g367CB268B1094004A3689751E7AC568F&&(c._Top.g367CB268B1094004A3689751E7AC568F={},c._Top.g367CB268B1094004A3689751E7AC568F=c);void 0===c._Top.g367CB268B1094004A3689751E7AC568F.ExternalChromePop&&(c._Top.g367CB268B1094004A3689751E7AC568F.ExternalChromePop=c.ExternalChromePop); false&&”function”==typeof rAb&&(!true||c.IsAdblockRequest)&&rAb()}}()})})();

X

 

Involuntary movement may help infants learn to breathe: researchers

Posted Nov 13, 2019 11:25 AM CST


(Newser)

There’s no known advantage to an adult hiccup. An infant one, however, could play a key role in brain development. That’s according to University College London researchers who previously conjectured that a baby discovers its body via kicks in the womb. In this study, they used electrodes on the scalp and sensors on the torso to monitor 13 preterm and full-term newborns for hiccups, which they found helped the babies regulate their breathing, per CNN. Essentially, each hiccup—an involuntary contraction of the diaphragm—produced three brain signals, the last of which is similar to a brain wave triggered by a noise. Researchers therefore believe babies may be connecting the “hic” sound to the physical contraction within their bodies, per the study published in Clinical Neurophysiology.

“When we are born, the circuits which process body sensations are not fully developed, so the establishment of such networks is a crucial developmental milestone for newborns,” says researcher Lorenzo Fabrizi in a release. “The activity resulting from a hiccup may be helping the baby’s brain to learn how to monitor the breathing muscles so that eventually breathing can be voluntary controlled by moving the diaphragm up and down.” While hiccups can be detected as early as nine weeks into pregnancy, babies born at least three weeks premature hiccup often, about 15 minutes per day. Thankfully, that’s not the case with most adults, who study co-author Kimberley Whitehead suggests may experience hiccups as “a vestigial reflex, left over from infancy when it had an important function.” (A 35-year-old man hiccuped for five days.)
 

My Take on This Story

Show results  |  

Quantcast


Be First to Comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.